30th June: History of ‘Mizo Peace Accord’ reveals the bloody truth behind Mizoram’s statehood

Every year on June 30th, the state of Mizoram observes Remna Ni as a regional public holiday. It commemorates the historic Mizo Peace Accord, which was signed in 1986 and brought peace to the region.

After two decades of turbulence and terrorism, the Mizoram Peace Accord brought stability and peace to the state of Mizoram.

Every year, the people of Mizoram get together to commemorate the signing of the peace agreement between the Mizo National Front and the Indian government on June 30, 1986.

History of Mizoram

One of the most stunning states in the Northeast is Mizoram, which borders Myanmar internationally as well as Assam, Tripura, and Manipur nationally. It was formerly a part of Assam before being designated as a Union Territory in 1972. The neighbouring nations of Bangladesh and Myanmar share a border with the state that extends for 722 kilometres. Mizoram, along with a number of other northeastern Indian states, was formerly a part of Assam until it was separated as a Union Territory in 1972. On February 20, 1987, it passed Union Territory to become India’s 23rd state.

Though not scientifically proven, it is widely accepted based on numerous evidences that the great famine predicted by bamboo trees, which bloom only once every thirty to forty years, is about to occur. Such famines are known as “Mautam” in Mizoram, where they are said to occur every 38 years when flowers bloom on bamboo trees. The bamboos’ blossoming, which caused a surge in the rat population, was blamed for the famine. It resulted in extensive crop and food storage devastation. Numerous people died unexpectedly from famine.

The Mautam Famine, which occurred in 1959 in the Mizo Hills region of Assam, was a severe famine. The Mizo Cultural Society changed its name to the Mizo National Famine Front (MNF) after becoming dissatisfied with the government’s response to the crisis and organising relief and support for numerous villages. LalDenga served as the MNF’s leader.

The MNF initially began in peace, but in 1964, another incident occurred, which caused the MNF to turn violent. The second battalion, which was predominately made up of Mizo people, was walled off by the Assam Regiment in 1964. These people left their jobs and returned to Mizoram, where they joined the MNF. These people then established the Mizo National Army, which was said that it had received help from China as well as Bangladesh in the form of weapons and ammunition.

The Mizo National Famine Front (MNF) became a new political organisation, the Mizo National Front (MNF), on October 22, 1961, following the disaster’s recovery. Greater Mizoram’s sovereign independence was the intended outcome. With the revolt against the government on February 28, 1966, it turned to armed insurrection and attacked government facilities in Aizawl, Lunglei, Chawngte, and other locations. It was the first time India utilised its air force to put an end to a movement of any kind among its population when the Indian government struck Aizawl on March 5 and 6, 1966, with Toofani and Hunter Jet fighters.

After the Mizo National Front was declared illegal in 1967, statehood became more of a priority. In May 1971, a team from the Mizo District Council met with Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and pressed for Mizoram to become a full-fledged state. In July 1971, the Indian government proposed making the Mizo Hills a Union Territory (UT). The official proclamation of UT under the name Mizoram was done on January 21, 1972. Mizoram was given two seats in Parliament, one in the Lok Sabha and one in the Rajya Sabha.

A new era in Indian politics began in 1984 as Rajiv Gandhi was elected to the position of Prime Minister. On February 15, 1985, Laldenga and the prime minister met. The two parties came to an agreement on the terms of the negotiations. The Mizo National Front and the Union Government thus agreed to the Mizoram Peace Accord, which was formally known as the Mizoram Accord, 1986, Memorandum of Settlement, on June 30, 1986.

The agreement required statehood, so on February 20, 1987, Mizoram became a federal state of India.

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